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5+ A Day

Lemons

Lemons
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Availability

In New Zealand the bulk of the lemon crop is harvested between June and March.  As we import lemons they are available all year round.

 

Storage and Handling

Store at room temperature. Handle all fresh produce with care and wash before eating.

 

History

It is thought that lemons originated in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India, and from there, spread around the world.  There is evidence the ancient Greeks and Romans used lemons, and that the Arabs took them to Spain and Africa in the 12th and 14th centuries.  Sailors carried lemons and limes on board to prevent the disease scurvy, which is caused by a lack of vitamin C.

 

Facts

  • Like all citrus fruit, lemons are a great source of vitamin C
  • Lemon juice prevents cut apples, pears and avocados from turning brown

 

Growing Facts

  • Lemons grow in tropical and subtropical climates and cannot stand frosts or very cold temperatures
  • As lemon trees flower several times in a season, they can have several crops of different ages growing all at once 
  • The fruit is harvested several times during a season with the main crop picked in the winter 

Nutrition Information

Serving size: 1 medium lemon - 58g

Avg Quantity per serving Avg Quantity per 100g
Energy (kJ/Cal) 46/11 80/19
Protein (g) 0.3 0.6
Fat, total (g) 0.2 0.3
- saturated (g) trace trace
Carbohydrate (g) 1.2 2.1
- sugars (g) 1.2 2.1
Dietary Fibre (g) 1.6 2.8
Sodium (mg) 2 3
Vitamin C (mg) 30.2 52
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.05 0.08
Calcium (mg) 15.1 26
Iron (mg) 0.2 0.4

Source: The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 8th Edition, Plant & Food Research

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