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Strawberries

Strawberries
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Availability

The New Zealand strawberry season runs from around November to February.

 

Storage and Handling

Store in the refrigerator. Handle all fresh produce with care and wash before eating.

 

History

Strawberries can be traced back to the Romans and Greeks.  Later medieval stonemasons carved them into altars and church pillars.  In the 1700s, the French horticulturists crossed a Northern American strawberry with a Chilean one.  The modern strawberry can be traced to the results of this experiment.

 

Facts

  • The strawberry is a member of the rose family
  • Each strawberry has, on average, 200 seeds on the outside
  • A strawberry is not technically a berry as it has seeds on the outside.  True berries, such as blueberries, have seeds on the inside

 

Growing Facts

  • Strawberries are grown in raised beds enclosed with plastic, however, it is becoming popular to grow strawberries hydroponically (in nutrient solution rather than in soil)
  • Strawberry plants can produce fruit for several years, however, the fruit quality can decline after the first year
  • Strawberries will grow in most parts of New Zealand  
  • The Auckland region grows over 40% of the commercial strawberry crop

Nutrition Information

Serving size: 1/2 cup - 79g

Avg Quantity per serving Avg Quantity per 100g
Energy (kJ/Cal) 120/28 152/36
Protein (g) 0.57 0.72
Fat, total (g) 0.28 0.35
- saturated (g) 0.017 0.022
Carbohydrate (g) 5.19 6.57
- sugars (g) 5.15 6.52
Dietary Fibre (g) 1.45 1.83
Sodium (mg) 0.395 0.5
Vitamin C (mg) 36.02 45.6
Zinc (mg) 0.8 0.1
Folate (µg) 15.8 20
Niacin (mg) 0.585 0.74
Vitamin E (mg) 0.32 0.41
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.0395 0.05
Calcium (mg) 13.43 17
Selenium (µg) 1.0 0.2
Iron (mg) 0.13 0.16
Thiamin (mg) 0.008 0.01
Vitamin A Equiv. (µg) 0.79 1.0
Riboflavin (mg) 0.0 0.0
Potassium (mg) 134.3 170

Source: The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 8th Edition, Plant & Food Research

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